Garbage collection in different countries
Rubbish has long been a global problem: its overabundance leads to dire consequences facing the planet. Therefore, in each country people are trying to minimize the amount of garbage, using various methods. Garbage collection is an effective way to reduce waste, moreover — it saves resources for the production of new materials. Each country has its own system of recycling waste.
It is interesting that the leader on the issue of recycling is Brazil. A little-known city of Curitiba is a world leader in the number of collected and recycled waste. The citizens created a cunning scheme of garbage collection: unlike other countries, where for every kilogram of collected waste money are paid, here for a few packets of garbage you are given a dinner. Therefore, everyday more than 100,000 poor residents are collecting garbage. The result defies expectations: 70% of waste paper is discarded and 60% plastic waste is recycled.
Japan is also one of the leaders in the collection and recycling of garbage. The main reason for such responsible attitude to waste is a small area and high population density. They simply don’t have the space for landfills, so most of the Japanese garbage is burnt, and the energy produced is used for heating plant houses. In the matter of waste sorting and Japan is beyond competition: near the ordinary house are about 20 (!) containers for different types of waste: plastic, paper, glass, batteries, etc.
Japanese people use organic waste for the production of building material, which after reaction with seawater becomes very firm. It is used for sprinkling of new islands and expanding coastline.
U.S.A. is famous for the established process of collection and sorting of waste before it is recycled. Garbage, brought in containers is sorted. From paper are made notebooks, copy-books, day timers etc. The preexisting problem with empty cans from beer and soda that people could not teach them to hand over, was decided by means of financial reward: a single fee was imposed for the return of empty cans — 5 cents. Also today in America a mini-press for paper, plastic and iron is popular, many of which are in offices, stores, factories and plants. Usage of these presses allows to rapidly diminish in size large amounts of garbage and to easier transport it for recycling matters.
These ideas for cleaning and waste collection are not the latter. Now many scientists, businessmen and even students struggle for the preservation of the environment and recycling waste. Cleaning company «DEN» supports such initiatives and hopes that they will be popular in Ukraine.